• 09 APR 13
    Spine Conditions

    Spine Conditions

    There are many conditions that affect the spine.

    Below are some of the spine conditions that we treat at Neurological Center of Northern Virginia.

    Herniated Disc

    A herniated disc occurs when one of the small, spongy discs that cushion the vertebrae bulges or breaks open. This condition, also known as a slipped or ruptured disc, can affect any part of the spine, but is most common in the lower back.

    Treatments for a herniated disc include:

    • Medication
    • Physical therapy
    • Artificial disc replacement
    • Spinal fusion
    • Laminaplasty
    • Microendoscopic discectomy
    • Epidural steroid blocks
    • Selective nerve root blocks/transforaminal epidural steroid blocks

     

    Compression Fracture

    A compression fracture is a broken vertebra in the spine. It usually occurs due to severe trauma, but is also the result of cancer or osteoporosis. Compression fractures are most common in the vertebrae of the lower back.

    The treatment for a compression fracture is kyphoplasty.

     

    Degenerative Disc Disease

    Degenerative or Discogenic disc disease refers to the normal breakdown of spinal discs as we age. A sudden injury leading to a herniated disc may also begin the degeneration process. The condition causes back or neck pain and can lead to osteoarthritis or spinal stenosis.

    Treatments for degenerative disc disease include:

    • Medication
    • Physical Therapy
    • Artificial disc replacement
    • Spinal fusion
    • Epidural injections
    • Epidural steroid blocks
    • Selective nerve root blocks/transforaminal epidural steroid blocks

     

    Myelopathy

    Myelopathy is the gradual loss of nerve function caused by disorders of the spine. The condition commonly results from spinal injury or spinal stenosis, a progressive narrowing of the spinal canal.

    Myelopathy treatments include:

    • Medication
    • Physical therapy
    • Laminectomy
    • Spinal fusion

     

    Kyphosis

    Kyphosis is a progressive disorder that causes curvature of the thoracic spine in children and adults. It is most often the result of developmental problems, trauma, degenerative diseases (such as arthritis) or osteoporosis with compression fractures.

    Treatments for kyphosis include:

    • Physical therapy
    • Spinal fusion

     

    Scoliosis

    Scoliosis is a lateral curvature of the spine. Instead of the gentle inward and outward curves of a normal spine, scoliosis produces an “S” or “C” shape. The condition is primarily congenital, but also results from traumatic injury or osteoporosis.

    Scoliosis treatments include:

    • Physical therapy
    • Spinal fusion
    • Facet blocks

     

    Sciatica

    Sciatica is pain, tingling or numbness caused by irritation of the sciatic nerve in the lower back. It can result from a herniated disc pressing against the nerve roots, spinal stenosis, arthritis or an injury-induced pinched nerve.

    Treatments for sciatica include:

    • Medication
    • Physical therapy
    • Laminectomy
    • Spinal fusion
    • Epidural steroid blocks
    • Selective nerve root blocks/transforaminal epidural steroid blocks
    • Sympathetic blocks

     

    Spinal Stenosis

    Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the spinal canal, which places pressure on the spinal cord. While the condition can affect any part of the spine, it is most common in the lumbar and cervical regions. Some people are born with stenosis; others develop it as they age.

    Treatments for spinal stenosis include:

    • Medication
    • Physical therapy
    • Laminaplasty
    • Laminectomy
    • Spinal fusion
    • Interspinous/interlaminar implant
    • Epidural steroid blocks
    • Selective nerve root blocks/transforaminal epidural steroid blocks

     

    Spondylolisthesis

    Spondylolisthesis is a forward slip of one vertebra in the spinal column and usually occurs in the lumbar region. Some people are born with a defective vertebra; in others, trauma, a stress fracture, infection or disease may cause the problem. The condition is on the rise among children and adolescents who are active in athletics.

    Spondylolisthesis treatments include:

    • Physical therapy
    • Spinal fusion
    • Epidural steroid blocks
    • Selective nerve root blocks/transforaminal epidural steroid blocks

     

    Radiculopathy

    Radiculopathy is a disease of the spinal nerve roots and spinal nerves. Cervical radiculopathy affects the nerve roots near the neck and radiates through the arms and hands. Lumbar radiculopathy causes nerve irritation in the lower back that radiates through the legs and feet. Wear and tear, degeneration, herniated discs and traumatic injury are the primary causes.

    Treatments for radiculopathy include:

    • Physical therapy
    • Epidural steroid blocks
    • Selective nerve root blocks/transforaminal epidural steroid blocks

     

    Low Back Pain

    Low back pain is by far the most common spinal complaint among adults in the United States. It affects the back anywhere below the ribs and above the legs. Causes include overuse, strain, injury, compression fracture, aging, and diseases such as arthritis and osteoporosis.

    Treatments for low back pain may vary according to severity and include:

    • Medication
    • Physical therapy
    • Laminectomy
    • Spinal fusion
    • Epidural steroid blocks
    • Selective nerve root blocks/transforaminal epidural steroid blocks
    • Facet blocks

     

Features

  • A headache is pain or discomfort in the head, scalp, or neck. Serious causes of headaches are very rare. Most people with headaches can feel much better by making lifestyle changes

  • Neurological disorders are diseases of the brain, spine and the nerves that connect them. There are more than 600 diseases of the nervous system, such as brain tumors, epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease and stroke as well as less familiar diseases such as frontotemporal dementia.

  • There are many conditions that affect the spine and cause Back Pain including Sciatica, Stenosis, Discogenic or Degenerative Disc diseases and issues. We successfully treat a number of spine conditions at Neurological Center of Northern Virginia.

Contact our office.